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The truth behind 1984 Operation Blue Star

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1984 - Justice awaits


"Realization of Truth is higher than all else. Higher still is Truthful Living."(Guru Nanak, Sri Rag)

The Players

1984 Anti Sikh Riots


He is omnipresent


Humanity Deserves Better


Shapeless, Timeless, Invisible

Timeline of Events

First day (31 October)

09:20: Indira Gandhi is shot by two of her Sikh security guards at her residence, No. 1 Safdarjung Road, and rushed to All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
10:50: Indira Gandhi dies.
11:00: All India Radio listeners learn that the two security guards who shot Indira Gandhi were Sikhs.
16:00: Rajiv Gandhi returns from West Bengal and reaches AIIMS. Stray incidents of attacks in and around that area.
17:30: The motorcade of President Zail Singh, who is returning from a foreign visit, is stoned as it approaches AIIMS.

{evening and night}
Organized and well equipped gangs of ruffians set out in different directions from AIIMS.
The violence, including violence towards Sikhs and destruction of Sikh properties, spreads.
Rajiv Gandhi is sworn in as the Prime Minister.
Senior advocate and BJP leader Ram Jethmalani, meets Home Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and urges him to take immediate steps to protect Sikhs from further attacks.
Delhi's Lt. Governor, P.G. Gavai and Police Commissioner, S.C. Tandon, visit some of the affected areas.

Second day (1 November)

The first killing of a Sikh occurs in East Delhi.
09:00: Armed mobs take over the streets of Delhi and launch a massacre.
Among the first targets were Gurdwaras, the holy temples of Sikhs
The worst affected areas are low income colonies like Trilokpuri, Shahdara, Geeta Colony, Mongolpuri, Sultanpuri and Palam Colony. The few areas where the local police stations take prompt measures against mobs see hardly any killings or major violence. Farsh Bazar and Karol Bagh are two such examples.

Third day (2 November)

Curfew is announced throughout Delhi, but is not enforced. The Army deployed throughout Delhi too but ineffective because the police did not co-operate with soldiers (who are not allowed to open fire without the consent of senior police officers and executive magistrates).
Mobs continue to rampage.

Fourth day (3 November)

Fourth day Violence continues. By late evening, the national Army and local police units work together to subdue the violence. After law enforcement intervention, violence is comparatively mild and sporadic. In Delhi, the dead bodies of the victims of riots were taken to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi and Civil Hospital Mortuary Tis hazari, Delhi.


In Delhi, 442 of the rioters were convicted by the courts. 49 of these were sentenced to the life imprisonment, and another three to imprisonment of more than 10 years. 6 Delhi Police officers were punished for lapses during the riots. In April 2013, the Supreme Court of India dismissed the appeal of three convicts who had challenged the High Court's decision to award them life sentence. In April 2013, the Karkardooma district court in Delhi convicted five people – Balwan Khokkar (former councillor), Mahender Yadav (former MLA), Kishan Khokkar, Girdhari Lal and Captain Bhagmal – for inciting a mob against the Sikhs in the Delhi Cantonment area. It acquitted the Congress leader Sajjan Kumar in the same case, leading to protests.

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